Tretinoin cream 0.025%
What is tretinoin used for?
- Tretinoin is a medication used to treat acne.
- Acne is an inflammatory skin disorder that results from clogged hair follicles with oil and dead skin cells causing blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples to appear.
- The safety and effectiveness of long-term use of this medicine in the treatment of other diseases has not been established.
Do not use tretinoin:
- If you are allergic to tretinoin or any of the ingredients in this product.
Warnings and precautions:
- Stop taking the medicine immediately and talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any sensitivity or skin reaction to any of the ingredients in this gel such as itchy skin, redness of the skin, shortness of breath, rash, swelling of the face or neck, low blood pressure, dizziness.
- This medicine is intended for external topical use only. Do not swallow this product.
- Keep the tube tightly closed.
- This medicine may cause redness, swelling, and scaling at the application site. Some patients may also find that their skin begins to flush.
- These skin reactions do not occur in all patients and are likely to occur during the first days of treatment and usually subside as your skin begins to adjust to the medication (within 2 to 4 weeks).
- You can reduce your risk of experiencing these side effects by strictly following the instructions provided.
- Talk to your doctor if your skin reactions bother you or if they do not subside after some time. Your doctor may recommend that you use this medication less frequently, or that you stop using it completely.
- Tretinoin can cause severe irritation on areas of skin affected by eczema (a skin condition that causes itching and redness), so tretinoin should be used with extreme caution if you have this skin condition.
- Tretinoin may cause a change in your skin color which usually returns to normal when you stop using it or as your skin adjusts to it.
- Do not share your medicines with others.
- Do not use this product on broken skin.
- Excessive exposure to natural or artificial sunlight may increase the risk of sunburn.
- It may also cause premature aging and skin cancer if exposed over many years.
- The risks of developing these side effects vary with climate, skin type, and care taken to prevent overexposure to the sun.
- The risk of getting sunburn and developing other skin problems is higher when using this medicine because it can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight.
- Therefore, it is very important to avoid exposure to sunlight and sunlamps when using this medicine.
- Make sure to wear sunscreen when you go out (even on foggy days) if you can't avoid exposure to the sun or sunlamps.
- Ask your doctor about the best level of SPF sunscreen you need to apply before sun exposure.
- In the event of prolonged exposure to the sun, you should also wear protective clothing (such as a hat).
- Do not be exposed to artificial sunlamps when using this medication.
- The skin is at risk of burning or drying out in extreme weather conditions such as cold or wind. Your skin may irritate more easily in extreme weather conditions when you are treated with tretinoin.
- Your doctor can advise you on how to manage your treatment under these circumstances.
- Make sure not to use this product if you have a sunburn until the sunburn has completely healed.
- You may notice new blemishes (papules and pustules) 3 to 6 weeks after starting this medicine.
- It is very important that you continue to use the medication at this point. If tretinoin will help reduce acne, you should see continued improvement in the appearance of your skin after 6 to 12 weeks of treatment.
- Be patient and don't get discouraged if you don't notice any immediate improvement. Do not stop using the cream at the first signs of skin improvement. You should continue to use the medicine until your doctor tells you to stop.
- Make sure not to use harsh exfoliators, skin cleansers, medicated soaps, or cosmetics that contain alcohol to prevent excessive drying or skin irritation.
Possible side effects:
- Common side effects include skin burning or stinging, skin warmth, stinging, itching, dry skin, excessive skin redness, skin edema (fluid buildup), skin peeling, blistering skin, temporary discoloration of treated skin (increased or decreased skin tone) and increased skin tone. Sensitivity to sunlight.
- These skin reactions usually subside when you stop using the medication.
Other medicines and tretinoin:
- Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have recently used, or may use, any other medicines, including topical products.
- If you are using other topical medications, medicated or abrasive soaps/cleansers, soaps or cosmetics (especially if they contain high concentrations of medication, alcohol, spices, or lime).
- if you are using topical products that contain resorcinol, sulfur, or salicylic acid (other topical medicines used for certain skin problems).
- Do not use any of the products mentioned in this section when using tretinoin and do not use any other medications to treat your acne without consulting your doctor.
- Using these products with tretinoin may increase the risk of unwanted side effects such as excessive skin redness, dryness, or flaking. Follow your doctor's recommendations.
How to use tretinoin:
- Gently wash your skin with a gentle, non-medicating soap two to three times daily and then dry the skin with a towel. Let your skin dry 20 to 30 minutes before applying the medication. Avoid washing the affected area frequently and do not use harsh scrubs. Acne is not caused by dirt, so excessive scrubbing and scrubbing will not remove it. Washing too frequently or rubbing too harshly can worsen acne.
- Be sure to use your cream exactly as prescribed by your doctor for best results. Be patient during your treatment because this medication may take some time to start working. Many patients begin to see effects 12 weeks after starting the medication. Therefore, it is very important not to follow instructions given for other products or by your friends and not to stop using your medication without talking to your doctor first.
- Apply tretinoin cream once daily before bed, or as directed by your doctor. Your doctor, especially if you have sensitive skin, may recommend applying tretinoin every two nights while you start treatment. First, start by washing the skin with a gentle soap and gently pat dry your skin. Next, wait 20 to 30 minutes before applying the cream to allow your skin to dry completely to reduce potential skin irritation.
- To apply tretinoin cream, place about half an inch or less of the medication in the tip of your finger. After you gain some experience with the cream, you may see that you should apply more or less to apply enough of the medication to your entire face. The invisible cream is expected to immediately become apparent. If the cream is still visible, you are applying too much. In order to lightly cover the affected skin area with tretinoin cream, start by applying it to your chin, forehead, and both cheeks, then spread the cream over the entire affected skin area, then smooth the applied cream gently onto your skin.
- It is recommended that you use a non-comedogenic moisturizer (a product that does not aggravate acne) or a non-comedogenic moisturizer with sunscreen every morning after washing your skin.
- Avoid contact of the cream with your eyes, mouth, corners of the nose and mucous membranes to avoid irritation (redness or crusting) at the application site.
How to store tretinoin:
- Keep the medicine out of the reach of children and pets.
- Store the medicine in a dry place at room temperature (25°C). Short storage at 15-30 ° C is allowed.
- Do not use the medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the cream.
- Keep the medicine in its original package to protect it from moisture and light.
- Do not dispose of medicines in wastewater or household waste.